The game of basketball was first played in the town of Springfield in Massachusetts, United States of America in the year eighteen ninety one. It was devised by a Canadian man, one Dr James Naismith, who had previously studied at the McGill University in Montréal. The first basketball hoops were peach baskets from whence the ball (at first a soccer ball dipped in brown paint) was retrieved after each goal. This was found to interrupt the game too excessively, and so very early on in the history of the sport a small hole was drilled in the bottom of the basket so that the ball could be poked out with a length of dowel after each goal. This hole grew in diameter until it came to resemble the modern basketball hoop with backboard around about the year nineteen hundred and six. The orange basketball ball that is familiar today was first introduced to the sport some time later in the nineteen fifties, in order to make the ball more visible to players. It was around this time, with the introduction of the modern basketball, that dribbling became possible – previously, irregularities present in the manufacture of basketballs prevented dribbling from being carried out with any frequency.
Modern portable basketball system, more so than many other team sports, are very dependent on relatively recent advances in materials technology and industrial manufacture. Function has followed form, with the development of synthetic rubber and reliable manufacture of round, smooth balls contributing to the adoption of many features of the game that are now considered fundamental, such as dribbling. Many of the rules of basketball were also influenced by the aim of Dr James Naismith to minimise the chance of basketball injuries occurring to his athletes, who used it as an indoor winter game. For example, the large soft ball was chosen in preference to any other form to minimise the chance of injury. Similarly, the basketball baskets were placed on a pole in order to prevent aggressive skirmishes during the defence of the goal.
The first official game of basketball occurred in the New York state capital of Albany in the year eighteen ninety two. It was played with two teams of nine on a court half today’s regulation size. The game ended on the score one – nil. Today there are many basketball systems for sale, but it took some time at first for the public to become accustomed to the novel game. The YMCA attempted to popularise the game of basketball at first, but later discouraged it after ii was found to attract ‘boisterous and rowdy’ crowds, which the YMCA felt detracted from its mission as a Christian organisation (the Young Men’s Christian Association, as is doubtless recalled). However, shortly before the first World War, basketball was already tremendously popular in the United States of America.